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Microsoft - AZ-140: Configuring and Operating Microsoft Azure Virtual Desktop

Sample Questions

Question: 123
Measured Skill: Manage User Environments and Apps (20-25%)

You have an Azure Active Directory Domain Services (Azure AD DS) domain named contoso.com.

You have an Azure Storage account named storage1. Storage1 hosts a file share named share1 that has share and file system permissions configured. Share1 is configured to use contoso.com for authentication.

You create an Azure Virtual Desktop host pool named Pool1. Pool1 contains two session hosts that use the Windows 10 multi-session + Microsoft 365 Apps image.

You need to configure FSLogix profile containers for Pool1.

What should you do next?

AInstall the FSLogix agent on the session hosts of Pool1.
B From storage1, set Allow shared key access to Disabled.
C Configure the Profiles setting for the session hosts of Pool1.
D Generate a shared access signature (SAS) key for storage1.

Correct answer: A

Explanation:

The storage account for the FSLogix profile containers is prepared and both share and file system permissions are already configured. The next step is to configure Pool1's session hosts to use FSLogix profile containers.

To configure an FSLogix profile container for Pool1, we have to install the FSLogix agent on the session hosts and to configure the agent to store FSLogix user profiles on Azure Files.

FSLogix profile containers can be enabled and configured by creating the registry keys directly on the session hosts or by importing and configuring the FSLogix Group Policy template files.

References:

Create a profile container with Azure Files and AD DS

Use FSLogix Group Policy Template Files



Question: 124
Measured Skill: Implement an Azure Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (25-30%)

You have an Azure storage account that contains the generalized Windows 10 disk images shown in the following table.



You need to create an image that will be used to deploy an Azure Virtual Desktop session host.

Which disk should you use?

ADisk1
B Disk2
C Disk3
D Disk4

Correct answer: A

Explanation:

Azure supports both generation 1 and generation 2 VMs that are in VHD file format and that have a fixed-size disk. Azure does not support the VHDX disk format.

References:

Prepare and customize a VHD image for Azure Virtual Desktop

Create a golden image in Azure

Prepare a Windows VHD or VHDX to upload to Azure



Question: 125
Measured Skill: Implement an Azure Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (25-30%)

You have an Azure subscription that contains a hybrid Azure Active Directory (Azure AD) tenant and two domain-joined Azure virtual machines. The virtual machines run Windows Server 2019 and use managed disks.

You plan to deploy an Azure Virtual Desktop host pool that will use a Storage Spaces Direct Scale-Out File Server to host user profiles.

You need to ensure that the virtual machines can host the Storage Spaces Direct deployment.

The solution must meet the following requirements:
  • Ensure that the user profiles are available if a single server fails.
  • Minimize administrative effort.
What should you do?

(To answer, select the appropriate options in the answer area. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.)

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AOn each virtual machine, install: The Failover Clustering feature
Create: Two shared disks
B On each virtual machine, install: The Failover Clustering feature
Create: An additional Azure virtual machine that runs Windows Server 2019
C On each virtual machine, install: The File Server Resource Manager role service
Create: An Azure NetApp Files share
D On each virtual machine, install: The File Server Resource Manager role service
Create: An additional Azure virtual machine that runs Windows Server 2019
E On each virtual machine, install: The Remote Desktop Services role
Create: An Azure Storage account
F On each virtual machine, install: The Remote Desktop Services role
Create: An Azure NetApp Files share

Correct answer: B

Explanation:

Storage Spaces Direct is a software-defined storage solution that allows you to share storage resources in your converged and hyperconverged IT infrastructure. It enables you to combine internal storage drives on a cluster of physical servers (2 and up to 16) into a software-defined pool of storage. This storage pool has cache, tiers, resiliency, and erasure coding across columns—all configured and managed automatically.

You can scale out the storage capacity of your cluster by adding more drives or adding more servers in the cluster. Storage Spaces Direct automatically onboards the new drives and rebalances the storage pool. It also automatically uses the fastest storage media present to provide built-in and always-on cache.

As a prerequisite to deploy Storage Spaces Direct (S2D), we must install the Failover Clustering feature on each virtual machine that will be part of the S2D cluster.

We have two servers available and we can configure two-way mirroring to ensure that the user profiles are available if a single server fails. If we add an additional server, we can configure three-way mirroring or single parity fault tolerance mode. An Azure NetApp Files share or an Azure storage account is not needed for Storage Spaces Direct. Shared disks can provide storage for a guest failover cluster, but not for Storage Spaces Direct.

References:

Storage Spaces Direct overview

Fault tolerance and storage efficiency on Azure Stack HCI and Windows Server clusters

Deploy Storage Spaces Direct on Windows Server



Question: 126
Measured Skill: Implement an Azure Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (25-30%)

You have an Azure Virtual Desktop deployment.

You need to create a host pool. The solution must ensure that during periods of low CPU usage, credits can be accumulated, and then used to raise performance above the purchased baseline during periods of high CPU usage.

Which virtual machine series should you specify when you create the pool?

AA-series
B D-series
C H-series
D B-series

Correct answer: D

Explanation:

B-series VMs are ideal for workloads that do not need the full performance of the CPU continuously, like web servers, proof of concepts, small databases and development build environments. These workloads typically have burstable performance requirements.

The B-series provides you with the ability to purchase a VM size with baseline performance that can build up credits when it is using less than its baseline. When the VM has accumulated credits, the VM can burst above the baseline using up to 100% of the vCPU when your application requires higher CPU performance.

Reference: B-series burstable virtual machine sizes



Question: 127
Measured Skill: Plan an Azure Virtual Desktop Architecture (10-15%)

You have an Azure subscription that contains the storage accounts shown in the following table.



You have a custom generalized Windows 10 image.

You plan to deploy an Azure Virtual Desktop host pool that will use the custom image and FSLogix profile containers.

You need to recommend which storage accounts to use for the custom image and the profile containers. The solution must meet the following requirements:
  • Minimize costs to store the image.
  • Maximize performance of the profile containers.
Which account should you recommend for each type of content?

(To answer, drag the appropriate accounts to the correct content type. Each account may be used once, more than once, or not at all. NOTE: Each correct selection is worth one point.)

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ACustom image: storage1
Profile containers: storage4
B Custom image: storage1
Profile containers: storage1
C Custom image: storage2
Profile containers: storage2
D Custom image: storage2
Profile containers: storage4
E Custom image: storage3
Profile containers: storage1
F Custom image: storage4
Profile containers: storage3

Correct answer: A

Explanation:

We should choose storage1 and use block blobs using the Cool tier to store the image at minimum costs.

We should use Premium File Shares in storage4 to store the FSLogix profile containers. Premium file shares enable highly I/O-intensive workloads, with high throughput and low latency. Premium file shares are offered on high-performance solid-state drive (SSD) based storage.

References:

zure Blob Storage pricing

Azure Files pricing





 
 
 

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